River water quality for ecological health
Why we monitor river water quality for ecological health
Waikato Regional Council routinely monitors a representative cross-section of regional rivers and streams to assess the suitability of water quality for native water plants and animals.
Sensitive aquatic plants and animals cannot live and thrive when water quality is poor.
Some contaminants (like ammonia and heavy metals) are toxic to aquatic organisms; others use up the dissolved oxygen that aquatic organisms need to breathe. Water that is too warm can stress sensitive fish and animals. Nuisance growths of water plants, algal slimes, and phytoplankton blooms can thrive when there are excessive levels of plant nutrients.
We monitor 10 sites on the Waikato River and 105 sites on other rivers and streams throughout the region. You can see more about those sites and their results, here.
An average ‘pass rate’ for seven water quality measures (dissolved oxygen, pH, turbidity, ammonia, temperature, nitrogen and phosphorus) is determined for each site by comparing sample results with national and local guidelines for ecological health.
Water quality for ecological health is good in some parts of the region (for example, Upper Waikato River, tributaries of Lake Taupō and in the Coromandel). In the lowland areas water quality is not so good (for example, Hauraki, lowland tributaries of the Waikato River).
This largely reflects the greater intensity of land use in the lowland parts of the region, with higher levels of nitrogen and phosphorus, and highlights the importance of non-point sources of contamination such as runoff from agricultural land and urban areas.
We can assess the relative importance of various point and non-point sources of contamination using information from this indicator and Waikato Regional Council's resource consents database.
When this indicator is updated
This indicator is updated annually.
Contact at Waikato Regional Council
Water Quality Scientist - Science and Strategy Directorate
Updated July 2019