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Air quality monitoring report for Hamilton, Tokoroa, Taupo, Te Kuiti, Putaruru, Turangi, Cambridge and Te Awamutu-Kihikihi - 2014

On this page: about this report, read or download the report

Report: TR 2015/05

Author: Jonathan Caldwell

About this report

Air quality monitoring in the Waikato region focuses primarily on concentrations of PM10, the main air contaminant of concern. The National Environmental Standards for Air Quality (NESAQ) has set a maximum concentration limit for PM10 of 50 µg/m3 when averaged over 24 hours (referred to as an ambient air quality standard). The NESAQ allows for one exceedance of this standard per rolling 12 month period. More than one exceedance within a rolling 12-month period is a breach of the standard. The NESAQ requires air quality monitoring to take place in areas that are likely to exceed the standard for PM10. The 2011 amendment to the NESAQ has introduced extended timeframes for Airsheds  to comply with the standard for PM10. Airsheds are split in to three categories depending on the average number of exceedances the airshed has for the previous five year period. 

  1. The first category includes airsheds with 10 or more exceedances a year. These airsheds must achieve no more than three exceedances by 1 September 2016 and no more than one exceedance by 1 September 2020. The Waikato Region has one such airshed that falls within this category, namely Tokoroa.
  2. The second category includes airsheds with more than one exceedance but less than 10 exceedances. This category of airshed must achieve no more than one exceedance by 1 September 2016. Based on the air quality monitoring data collected up to the end of 2014, the Waikato Region has three airsheds that fall within this category, namely Taupo, Te Kuiti and Putaruru.
  3. The third category includes all other airsheds which are currently complying and must continue to achieve no more than one exceedance of the standard.

During 2014, concentrations of PM10 were measured by Waikato Regional Council in eight out of the region’s 20 gazetted airsheds with two stations located in the Hamilton airshed and one each in the Tokoroa, Taupo, Te Kuiti, Putaruru, Turangi, Cambridge and Te Awamutu-Kihikihi airsheds. Carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes and PM2.5 were also measured by Waikato Regional Council in Hamilton during 2014. This report compares contaminant concentrations measured in these airsheds to the NESAQ standards and to the Ministry for the Environment’s air quality guidelines and indicator categories.
There were two airsheds which breached the NESAQ PM10 standard over the winter of 2014.

  1. Tokoroa – Nine exceedances were recorded in Tokoroa (the lowest number since 2003) with a maximum concentration of 69 μg/m3 recorded.
  2. Putaruru – Two exceedances were also recorded in Putaruru with a maximum concentration of 73 μg/m3 recorded, resulting in a five-year extension of the airshed’s polluted (secondary category) status.

Te Kuiti and Taupo continue to indicate a significant improvement with no exceedances recorded this year. A statistical analysis of seasonal PM10 data collected in Hamilton, Te Kuiti and Taupo indicates that concentrations have decreased over the previous six or more year period. No statistically significant change has been identified for Tokoroa and the previous decreasing trend identified for Putaruru is no longer significant based on inclusion of the 2014 data. In Hamilton, PM2.5 concentrations exceeded the World Health Organisation (WHO) guideline of 25 µg/m3 (24-hour average) on five days during 2014 and coincided with the five days when PM10 was most elevated. Concentrations of CO in Hamilton were well below the NESAQ standard of 10 mg/m3 (8-hour average) during 2014. While concentrations of NO2 in Hamilton were below the NESAQ standard of 200 µg/m3, concentrations reached just under 50% of the standard during 2014. Concentrations of benzene in Hamilton were within the national guideline of 3.6 µg/m3 and an improving or “levelling” trend is evident for annual average concentrations at all sites. The highest annual concentration was measured at the Greenwood Street monitoring site and was 2.5 µg/m3. Concentrations of toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene were also well within acceptable international criteria.

Read or download the report

Air quality monitoring report for Hamilton, Tokoroa, Taupo, Te Kuiti, Putaruru, Turangi, Cambridge and Te Awamutu-Kihikihi - 2014 (PDF 4MB)

Contents

  Executive summary vi
 1 Introduction 1 
1.1 Reporting period 4
2 Methodology 6
3 Hamilton 8
3.1 Air quality monitoring in Hamilton 8
3.2 PM10 concentrations for Hamilton 9
3.3 Concentrations of benzene, toluene, and xylenes 17 
3.4 Concentrations of carbon monoxide 18 
3.5 Concentrations of nitrogen dioxide 19 
3.6  Comparison of meteorological conditions for 2014 to previous years 20 
3.7  Daily variations on high pollution days 22 
3.8  Trend analysis 24 
4 Tokoroa 25
4.1 Air Quality Monitoring in Tokoroa 25 
4.2 PM10  concentrations in Tokoroa 37 
4.3 Daily variations in PM10 and meteorology on high pollution days 30 
4.4 Trend analysis 32 
5 Taupo  36 
5.1 Air quality monitoring in Taupo 36 
5.2 PM10 concentrations in Taupo 37 
5.3 Daily variations in PM10 and meteorology on high pollution days 41 
5.4 Trend analyis 41 
6 Te Kuiti 44 
6.1 Air quality monitoring in Te Kuiti 44
6.2 PM10 concentrations in Te Kuiti 45
6.3 Daily variations in PM10 and meteorology on high pollution days 49
6.4 Trend analyis 49
7 Putaruru 51
7.1 Air quality monitoring in Putaruru 51
7.2 PM10 concentrations in Putaruru 52
7.3 Trend analysis 56
8 Turangi 58
8.1 Air quality monitoring in Turangi 58
8.2 PM10 concentrations in Turangi 58
9 Cambridge 62
9.1 Air quality monitoring in Cambridge 62
9.2 PM10 concentrations in Cambridge 62
10 Te Awamutu-Kihikihi 65
10.1 Air quality monitoring in Te Awamutu-Kihikihi 65
10.2 PM10 concentrations in Te Awamutu-Kihikihi 65
11 Summary 68
  References 70
  Appendices 71
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