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Geothermal features annual monitoring report - January 2014

On this page: about this report, read or download the report

Report: TR 2014/48

Author: Claire Littler

About this report

This report describes the results of the quarterly monitoring schedule for the 2013 to 2014 year on the state of geothermal features throughout the region.

Geothermal surface features are part of the Waikato’s natural landscape and include hot springs and pools, geysers, mud pools, fumaroles, and multi-coloured terraces. Outstanding features must be protected from inappropriate use and development.  This is why the Waikato Regional Council monitors the natural state of the geothermal features and assesses what changes of state have occurred or are occurring.

Uses of the quarterly and annual monitoring reports include:

  • providing long-term information on the natural range of heat and mass outputs of geothermal features
  • identifying significant changes in the behaviour of features that could be precursors to extreme events such as hydrothermal eruptions
  • identifying departures from the baseline trend of feature activity so that the cause can be investigated
  • identifying unintended human-induced adverse effects on springs (e.g. litter blowing into them, road runoff, pines falling in) that can then be remediated
  • similarly, identifying threats to the features that can mitigated before they happen
  • identifying activities that may require enforcement action, such as discharge of contaminants to geothermal pools
  • counting the number of visitors to springs, to aid in quantification of the economic value of the geothermal resource to the Waikato region.

 

Read or download the report

Geothermal features annual monitoring report - January 2014 (4.5 MB)

Contents

  Executive summary ix
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Report Content 1
1.3 Method 1
2 Atiamuri 2
2.1 Matapan Road 2
2.2 Whangapoa Pools 3
3 Golden Springs 7
3.1 Pools in stream through the Golden Springs Motel 7
3.2 Pools across the road from the Golden Springs Motel 9
4 Horohoro 11
4.1 Waipupumahana Pool 11
5 Ngatamariki 13
5.1 Hydrothermal Eruption Crater 13
6 Orakei Korako 20
6.1 Orakei Korako Springs 20
6.2 Waihunuhunu Inlet 55
7 Reporoa 57
7.1 Butcher’s Pool 57
7.2 Wharepapa Road 58
7.3 Longview Road 64
8 Rotokawa 65
8.1 Lagoon Springs 65
9 Tauhara 67
9.1 Lake Taupo Shore 67
9.2 Otumuheke 72
9.3 Waipahihi Source 75
10 Te Kopia 79
10.1 Mud Geyser and associated pools 79
10.2 Mud Pools (Tomos) on west of Te Kopia Road 83
11 Waikite 88
11.1 Waikite Swimming Pool area 88
11.2 DOC Reserve on Landcorp Farm 93
12 Waiotapu 99
12.1 Tourist Walk 99
12.2 Knox Geyser area 114
12.3 Waiotapu Loop Road Pools 122
12.4 Kerosene Creek Area 123
13 Whangairorohea 125
13.1 Tahunaatapu Pool 125
14 Appendix 1 129
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