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5.3.1 Issue

The discharge of contaminants from contaminated land can cause the following adverse effects:

  1. acute toxic effects on human health through ingestion of contaminated material or inhalation of volatile chemicals and particulate matter
  2. bioaccumulation of contaminants in flora, fauna and humans, causing chronic health effects
  3. degradation of water quality and aquatic ecosystems
  4. objectionable levels of odour
  5. adverse effects on the relationship that tangata whenua as Kaitiaki have with their taonga such as ancestral lands, water and waahi tapu.

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