Raukawa is one of the iwi of the waka Tainui. Their kin are the descendants of Raukawa, the eponymous ancestor, but surrounding this body of people (dead or alive) are the wider kinship groups of Tainui. Raukawa and all of the Tainui relate to the other iwi through the Kingitanga*.
The rohe of Raukawa spans a large area in the central part of the Waikato Region from near Matamata in the north, to Lake Taupo in the south, Te Awamutu in the west and Tarukenga, near Rotorua, in the east. The rohe is defined by eight hiiti or boundary markers. Raukawa has shared interested with other iwi in various of its boundary areas and is the sole tangata whenua in other areas. There are 34 hapu and 20 active marae in the rohe of Raukawa.
The world view of Raukawa is defined by Raukawatanga – the Raukawa way. To understand how Raukawa see the world and the taonga within it, it is necessary to understand Raukawatanga. Raukawa’s perspective on the natural world, whilst continually evolving, is embodied in the following:
|Toitu te marae a Tane,
toitu te matae a Tangaroa,
toitu te iwi.
|If the domain of Tane (forests and environment) and the domain of Tangaroa (sea and waters) prospers and endures, then so too will the people.|
The Raukawa world view starts with their understanding of creation – Ranginui and Papatuanuku, and genealogy. The tangible world and the taonga within it are ancestors and spiritual protectors and have a mauri or wairua (life-force or spirituality) of their own which must be respected.
The following is a summary of some matters that have been expressed by Raukawa as concerns. It is not comprehensive and does not attempt to do more than note the key issues. Reference to Raukawa representatives or authorized documentation is recommended in order to fully appreciate the Raukawa perspective and its context. In this regard, at the time of notification of this Plan, the Raukawa Trust Board had advised that the report ‘Mana Whenua, Mana Tangata o Raukawa e paa ana ki nga Taonga I roto I te Rohe o Raukawa1 should, in the absence of plan confirmed by the Raukawa hapu and whanau*, be seen as an Iwi Management Plan for the purpose of the RMA.
Waikato Regional Council recognises and acknowledges that Raukawa is tangata whenua within its rohe and recognises that the physical, spiritual, cultural, social and economic well-being of Raukawa is dependent upon the well-being of their taonga and upon the recognition and implementation of Raukawatanga within their rohe.