6.1.9 Implementation Methods - General Rules
The following rules apply to discharges to air that are not specifically addressed by any other rule in this Plan.
184.108.40.206 Permitted Activity Rule – Miscellaneous
Unless restricted by any other rule in this Plan, the discharge of contaminants into air from the following industrial or trade premises or processes:
- The manufacture of flock, teasing of textiles, shredding of paper, cleaning of sacks or the crushing or separating of dags from wool,
- Animal or plant matter processes that have a raw material capacity not exceeding 250 kilograms per hour for deep fat frying or oil frying, curing by smoking, roasting or drying of berries or grains, and organic matter including wood being subject to such temperatures or conditions such that there is partial distillation or pyrolysis,
- Animal matter processes that singly or together have a raw material capacity not exceeding 0.5 tonnes per hour and being processes for rendering or reduction or drying through application of heat to animal matter,
- The drying of milk or milk products that singly or together has a raw material capacity not exceeding of 2 tonnes per hour,
- The storage, blending and distribution of bulk products of fertiliser, animal feeds, roading materials, gardening materials, concrete processing materials associated with concrete manufacture, grains, coke, wood-chips, sawdust, wood-shavings, bark, and other powdered and bulk products,
- The drying or heating of minerals where the generation capacity, singly or together shall not exceed 100 kilowatts (measured by the high heating value of the input fuel),
- The discharge of geothermal steam at a rate of heat release not exceeding five megawatts,
- The retailing, wholesale distribution and bulk storage of automotive fuels, oils, liquefied gases and gases,
- The printing or manufacture of packaging material or printing of paper,
- The manufacture of furnishings, clothing or carpets (excluding rubber underlay),
- The manufacture, restoration or finishing of items made from wood, including cabinet making, furniture making and wood crafts,
- The operation of dry cleaning, dying, laundering and cleaning facilities,
- The manufacture of beverages, including soft drinks, extraction of fruit juices and fermentation of wine, distilled spirits and alcoholic beverages,
- The storage of foods in refrigerated units,
- Fire fighting training,
- Forced air ventilation from indoor working spaces, (including medical premises or educational institutions),
- The venting of gas pipelines, pumps, compressors, tanks or associated equipment when related to the purposes of refilling, servicing or repair,
- Fume cupboards,
- Tanks used for the storage of liquids including petrol and diesel oil,
- The release of heated air,
- The release of energy, including light from sources of electromagnetic radiation, including radio and television transmitters and other telecommunications facilities, cell phones, transmission lines and generators,
- Vehicle engine maintenance and servicing,
- Building and construction activities, including road construction and maintenance.
- The drying of timber in a kiln at a rate singly or together which does not exceed,20,000 cubic metres of timber per year where the drying temperature is between 100 and 135 degrees Celsius; or 40,000 cubic metres of timber per year where the drying temperature is 100 degrees Celsius or less,
- Sawing or milling of timber,
- The manufacture of concrete from cement and other constituents (excluding cement kilns),
- Any refuse storage or transfer activity,
- Premises used for the sale, servicing or repair of motor vehicles, trailers and boats, including body and engine repairs such as panel beating, undersealing, steam cleaning and fibreglassing,
- Water vapour
is a permitted activity subject to the conditions specified in Section 6.1.8 of this Plan.
- If good practice is applied in conjunction with this Rule then adverse effects beyond the boundary from this scale of activity should not occur.
- If any of these conditions are not complied with then the activity is a discretionary activity in accordance with Rule 220.127.116.11.
18.104.22.168 Discretionary Activity Rule – General Rule
Except as provided for in any other rule in this Plan, the discharge of contaminants into air from:
- Any process or activity that is on an industrial or trade premises and is not permitted by or does not comply with Rules 22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199 to 188.8.131.52; or
- A mobile source or premises that are not industrial or trade premises, and does not comply with Rules 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11 to 18.104.22.168
is a discretionary activity (requiring resource consent).
Exclusions to Rule 22.214.171.124:
- Non-industrial or trade premises and mobile sources not explicitly controlled by Rules 126.96.36.199 or 188.8.131.52 to 184.108.40.206 are permitted as provided for in s15(2) of the RMA.
- Agrichemical application as it is specifically addressed in Chapter 6.2.
- Information requirements to enable the assessment of any application under this Rule are as set out in Section 220.127.116.11. In addition assessment shall also take into account the matters identified in the policies in Section 6.1.3 of this Chapter.
- For other discretionary activities in this Module, refer to Section 18.104.22.168 and 22.214.171.124.
Explanation and Principal Reasons for Adopting Methods 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52
Rule 184.108.40.206 provides for activities on industrial or trade premises only. If these activities are not provided for in a permitted activity rule, then under the RMA they would be required to be assessed as a discretionary activity. The provisions in this Rule do not apply if the activity is already restricted by some other rule in this Plan.
The nature and scale of discharges from these activities is small and may create only minor effects on air quality. If good practice for these activities is adopted then adverse effects, such as odour or particulate matter, should not occur. Condition a) refers to Section 6.1.8. These conditions have been designed for the protection of human health and to ensure the avoidance of objectionable effects on amenity values. For specific explanation of these provisions refer to Section 6.1.8.
For Rule 220.127.116.11 part 21), territorial authorities control the siting of radio and telephone transmitters and other telecommunication facilities. Also, the National Radiation Laboratory administers the control of ionising radiation (including xrays and gamma rays) under the Radiation Protection Act 1965. Non-ionising radiation is mainly associated with the broadcasting and communication industries and there is a New Zealand Standard (NZS 6609:1990) available for the control of such radiation. Permitting these activities avoids the duplication of current legislative requirements and controls.
Rule 18.104.22.168 provides for those discharges over which this Council wishes to retain control over through the resource consent process due to their potential adverse effects, but did not incorporate into a specific activity-based rule.
In relation to industrial or trade premises, the discharges provided for under a discretionary activity rule includes, but is not restricted to, the following activities:
- Dry abrasive blasting not referred to in Rules 22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52 and 184.108.40.206.
- Combustion processes for fuel conversion not included in Rules 220.127.116.11 and 18.104.22.168.
- Combustion processes involving fuel burning equipment, including flaring or incineration of trade wastes or refuse (including pathological waste incinerated at crematoria) not included in Rules 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199.
- Industrial chemical processes including any processes used in:
- bodying of natural oils or manufacture or reaction of monomers for production of synthetic resins, varnishes and plastics
- production of soap, grease, detergents and surface active agents
- synthesis or extraction of organic chemicals, including formulation of insecticides, weedicides, plant hormones, and like toxic or offensive organic compounds
- production of inorganic chemicals, including concentration of acids and anhydrides, ammonia, and alkalis
- production of phosphatic or nitrogenous synthetic fertilisers, including granulation of single-mixed fertilisers
- any chemical manufacturing processes using or producing chlorine and any industrial processes using chlorine but only for uses other than water sterilisation
- separation or concentration for manufacture or disposal of any uranium metal or compound or any radioactive substances.
- Mineral processes that are not included in Rule 188.8.131.52.
- Any process that is:
- part of a manufacturing process for Portland or similar cements and pozzolanic materials
- part of a manufacturing process for the sintering, calcining, or roasting of metal ores in preparation for smelting or for burning of calcium or calcium-magnesium carbonates to produce calcium or magnesium oxides or hydroxides, or the expansion of exfoliation of minerals, or the dehydration of gypsum
- part of a manufacturing process for making hot-mix asphalt paving mixes
- part of a manufacturing process for making glass or frit from raw materials or making mineral wool or glass fibre, including application of any surface coating to the fibres.
- Metallurgical processes, including galvanising and foundry practices that are not included in Rule 184.108.40.206.
- Industrial carbonising or gasification processes in which natural gas, petroleum, oil, shale, coal, wood or other carbonaceous material is subject to:
- pyrolysis, carbonisation or destructive distillation, the solid, liquid or gaseous products being covered, or
- gasification by partial combustion with air or oxygen or reaction with steam.
- Any industrial wood pulp or particle board processes in which:
- wood or other cellulose material is cooked with chemical solutions to dissolve lignin and the associated processes of bleaching and chemical and by-product recovery, or
- hardboard or particle board or wood pulp are made by processes involving emission of hazardous air contaminants.
- The discharge of geothermal steam not included in Rule 220.127.116.11.
- Any discharge from di-isocyanate or organic plasticisers not included in Rule 18.104.22.168.
- Waste management processes not included in Rules 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199.
- The discharge of contaminants into air from the buildings of intensive indoor farms not included in Rule 188.8.131.52 and Section 5.2.8.
- The discharges of hydrocarbon or biogas not included in Rule 184.108.40.206.
- Rendering or fellmongery processes involving the use of sulphides or the treatment of fellmongery liquid waste containing sulphides.
- The process of wool scouring.
- Plant and animal processes excluded from Rule 220.127.116.11.
- Processes used for the blending, packaging, or handling of hazardous contaminants.
- Grain elevators or seed dressing plants.