Waikato Regional Council will, in conjunction with territorial authorities, work to clarify the roles and responsibilities of each agency in relation to air quality, starting from the position that:
Waikato Regional Council will encourage territorial authorities to manage, through district plans, building consents, applications for subdivision, land use consent, Land Information Memoranda and education, any significant adverse effects of land use activities on air quality that arise out of any exercise of their powers and functions including:
Explanation and Principal Reasons for Adopting Methods 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52
There is a potential overlap between territorial authority and regional council roles for addressing air quality issues, particularly for odour. Method 184.108.40.206 provides clarification of the responsibilities of each agency under the RMA.
A territorial authority should include consideration of the effects of various land uses on air quality when establishing plan provisions and issuing land use resource consents (i.e. the degree of compatibility with surrounding land uses). Section 31 of the RMA is clear in its intent that if the effects of the use, development or protection of land and associated natural and physical resources of the district significantly affect air quality, then the territorial authority has a responsibility to control those effects. Territorial authorities also retain a role under the Health Act 1956 for nuisance effects, however, this role is primarily for ancillary type activities that are isolated or episodic.
The regional council role is set out in s30 of the RMA. Waikato Regional Council has the responsibility for addressing discharges of contaminants to air, particularly from industrial and trade premises (s15(1)(c) of the RMA). Waikato Regional Council will retain the enforcement and monitoring responsibilities for these discharges, unless it is agreed to transfer these powers under s33 of the RMA.
Part 4 of Method 220.127.116.11 recognises the important role that territorial authorities can play in making information available to the public about significant or objectionable sources of contaminants, such as odour or particulate matter and surrounding sensitive areas. To focus territorial authority efforts in this area, part 3 would only be relevant if there is a particular air quality issue or problem within a district (for example an accumulation of intensive indoor farms or a significant industrial source). Some territorial authorities in the Region are achieving part 3 already, by including information such as sources of objectionable odour on Land Information Memoranda (LIM). This approach advocates the ‘buyer beware’ principle, and acts to raise the awareness of new entrants into an area. Waikato Regional Council supports territorial authorities having mechanisms in place that can raise the awareness of people/business entering an area regarding established uses.
Method 18.104.22.168 part 4) specifically relates to controlling the effects of particulate matter discharges occurring from activities. Where effects on air quality are outside of Waikato Regional Council’s direct control these effects should be considered in conjunction with other resource management considerations and priorities of the territorial authority. It should be noted that s17 of the RMA, in relation to avoiding, remedying or mitigating adverse effects, applies directly to dusty roads because they are not industrial and trade premises. However, road construction is specifically permitted under Rule 22.214.171.124 part 23) and the permitted activity conditions under Section 6.1.8 apply.