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  Council » Policies and Plans » Rules and regulation » Waikato Regional Plan » Waikato Regional Plan (online version) » 6.1 Regional and Local Air Management » 6.1.15 Implementation Methods - Managing Discharges to Air from Intensive Indoor Farming

6.1.15 Implementation Methods - Managing Discharges to Air from Intensive Indoor Farming

6.1.15.1 Permitted Activity Rule – Discharges from Intensive Indoor Farming*

The discharge of contaminants into air from buildings associated with any intensive indoor farms*, excluding intensive indoor pig farms, intensive indoor broiler chicken farms, and compost production for the purposes of the production of substrate for the cultivation of mushrooms as provided for in Section 5.2.8.1 and 5.2.8.3 of this Plan is a permitted activity subject to the following condition:

  1. As specified in Section 6.1.8 conditions a) to e) of this Plan.

Advisory Notes:

  • For rules on the production of compost (such as the production of substrate for the cultivation of mushrooms) refer to Section 5.2.8 of the discharge of contaminants to land Chapter. General ventilation from mushroom cultivation is covered by Rule 6.1.9.1, part 16.
  • Property owners/managers should consult with their territorial authority and assess whether or not district plan objectives, policies and rules have controls on location, noise levels or any other related issue that may affect the operation or require consent.
  • If any of these conditions are not complied with then the activity is a restricted discretionary activity in accordance with Rule 6.1.15.3.

6.1.15.2 Controlled Activity Rule – Discharges from Existing Intensive Indoor Pig and Broiler Chicken Farms

The discharge of contaminants into air from buildings associated with intensive indoor pig and broiler chicken farms that were lawfully established or authorised before the date of notification of this Plan, is a controlled activity (requiring resource consent) subject to the following standards and terms:

  1. Those specified in Section 6.1.8 conditions a) to e) of this Plan.
  2. Any change in the activity shall not change the character or increase the scale or intensity of any adverse effects of the activity on the environment.
  3. The activity shall have no verified complaint/s of objectionable odour or particulate matter that has resulted in enforcement action being taken against the discharger in the two years prior to the consent application.

Waikato Regional Council reserves control over the following matters:

  1. Measures to avoid, remedy or mitigate the adverse effects on neighbouring dwelling places or properties.
  2. The emission control methods.
  3. Contents of a Management Plan.

Advisory Notes:

  • If good practice is applied in conjunction with this Rule then adverse effects beyond the boundary from this scale of activity should not occur. Good Practice is outlined in New Zealand Pork Industry Board, 1997: Code of Practice for Pig Farming. Wellington, New Zealand, and The Poultry Industry Association of New Zealand (Inc), October 1995: Poultry Industry Code of Practice, or subsequent versions of the relevant codes.
  • Property owners/managers should consult with their territorial authority and assess whether or not district plan objectives, policies and rules have controls on location, noise levels or any other related issue that may affect the operation or require consent.
  • Sections 6.4.1 and 6.4.2 detail the guidelines for assessing odour and particulate matter and stipulate the procedure for the verification of complaints for odour and particulate matter.
  • Discharges to air from waste management processes are addressed in Rule 6.1.18.1, discharges of broiler poultry farm effluent onto land are addressed by Rule 3.5.5.1 and discretionary activities for discharges to water are addressed by Rule 3.5.4.5.
  • Information requirements to enable the assessment of any application under this Rule are as set out in Section 8.1.5.1. In addition, assessment shall also take into account the matters identified in the policies in Section 6.1.3 of this Chapter.
  • If any of these standards and terms are not complied with then the activity is a restricted discretionary activity in accordance with Rule 6.1.15.3.

6.1.15.3 Restricted Discretionary Activity Rule – Discharges from Intensive Indoor Farms

Unless provided for by Rules 6.1.15.1 and 6.1.15.2 the discharge of contaminants into air from buildings associated with intensive indoor farms, is a restricted discretionary activity (requiring resource consent).

Waikato Regional Council will reserve discretion on the following matters:

  1. Location of the buildings on the site, relative to prevailing winds, climatic conditions and neighbouring properties.
  2. Emission control equipment.
  3. Information and monitoring requirements.
  4. Visual or nuisance effects on neighbours.
  5. Application of Best Practicable Option.
  6. Measures to avoid, remedy or mitigate the adverse effects on neighbouring dwelling places or properties.
  7. Measures to avoid, remedy or mitigate the adverse effects of contaminants on neighbouring dwelling places or properties.
  8. Contents of a management plan.

Advisory Notes:

  • If good practice is applied in conjunction with this Rule then adverse effects beyond the boundary from this scale of activity should not occur. Good practice is outlined in New Zealand Pork Industry Board, 1997: Code of Practice for Pig Farming. Wellington, New Zealand, and The Poultry Industry Association of New Zealand (Inc), October 1995: Poultry Industry Code of Practice, or subsequent versions of the relevant codes.
  • Property owners/managers should consult with their territorial authority and assess whether or not district plan objectives, policies and rules have controls on location, noise levels or any other related issue that may affect the operation or require consent.
  • Sections 6.4.1 and 6.4.2 detail the guidelines for assessing odour and particulate matter and stipulate the procedure for the verification of complaints for odour and particulate matter.
  • Discharges to air from waste management processes are addressed in Rule 6.1.18.1, discharges of broiler poultry farm effluent onto land are addressed by Rule 3.5.5.1 and discretionary activities for discharges to water are addressed by Rule 3.5.4.5.
  • Information requirements to enable the assessment of any application under this Rule are as set out in Section 8.1.5.1. In addition, assessment shall also take into account the matters identified in the policies in Section 6.1.3.

Explanation and Principal Reasons for Adopting Methods 6.1.15.1 to 6.1.15.3
Rule 6.1.15.1 provides for the discharge of contaminants to air from buildings associated with all intensive indoor farming, excluding pig farms, broiler chicken farms and compost production for the purposes of the production of substrate for the cultivation of mushrooms. Mushroom farming is specifically excluded from this Rule as it is addressed in Section 5.2.8. Pig farms and chicken broiler farms are not permitted by this Rule because they are the most frequent source of odour complaints in the Region. They are complex operations that present a significantly greater risk of breaching the permitted activity conditions for objectionable odour than other activities.

Rule 6.1.15.2 enables existing intensive indoor pig and broiler farms where good management practices or location have meant that there is no history of verified complaints in the two years prior to the application for a new consent. This rewards good operators by giving them certainty at consent renewal time without removing all regulation. The nature of these activities is that the risk of them generating adverse effects from objectionable odour increases if the scale, intensity or management of the operation changes. Where such changes occur, and as a consequence the level of adverse effects from the discharge increases, Council needs to have the ability to decline the consent under Rule6.1.15.3.

In Section 6.4.1.1 of this Plan, Waikato Regional Council has provided a course of action for assessing the odour aspects of resource consent applications for activities (i.e. applying for a new consent or consent renewal). This section is included to provide existing users with some guidance as to those matters Waikato Regional Council will consider when assessing a resource consent for an activity such as intensive indoor farming.

Intensive indoor farming operations that are unable to comply with Rules 6.1.15.1 and 6.1.15.2 are restricted discretionary activities pursuant to Rule 6.1.15.3. In this manner, Council is able to retain control over certain aspects of these activities that have been identified as factors that contribute to the ability of the operator to comply with the standards and terms of this Rule.

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